Muscle spasms in lower back, also known as lumbar muscle spasms occur when the muscles in the lower back area tend to contract involuntarily as an effect of some injury or trauma to the lumbar muscles. In this condition, the muscles in the back get strained and stiffen due to overexertion. Lower back muscle spasms can prolong for a couple of seconds to several hours and are generally sudden. A sharp, piercing pain which might radiate to other areas in the back characterizes these spasms in back. Occasionally the pain is so extreme that the region becomes numb.
There may be frequent twitching of muscles, together with pain, which might radiate towards the abdomen. The back muscles also tend to become stiff and pain worsens making motions confined. A minor swelling can be also seen in the affected area. Back pain may be categorized based on their duration – severe and chronic. Acute back pain generally lasts for a few days or occasionally weekly, after which it may reduce, with the aid of drugs and proper rest. Yet, in some cases, pain may be constant, rising and then, resulting in continual pain It can be rough to identify the precise cause of this condition. Let’s now take a look at causes and ways for treating muscle spasms.
The affected muscles then become overstretched and inflamed, which might also result in the weakening of the muscle fibers. Over straining of the muscles while doing physical exercises or any household tasks which involve a lot of extending and bending are some causative factors for muscle spasms. A wrong posture while sleeping, sitting or standing and jerky movements can lead to muscle cramps which may be debilitating.
A deficiency of an imbalance of electrolytes in the body as a result of deficiency of potassium in the body and nutrients can bring about muscle spasms. If the muscles are not ‘conditioned’ and lubricated as an effect of dehydration can cause spasms in the lower back muscles. In some cases, cramps or spasms can be a result of side effects or overdose of medicines and specific drugs. In case of girls, pregnancy and menstruation are some causative factors for this state. Some other causes of muscles spasms in lower back comprise an injury to the spinal cord, inflammation of the nerves, trauma, muscle fatigue, etc. All these can turn into an agonizing back pain for most individuals.
Treating Muscle Spasms in Lower Back
The essential approaches for treating lower back spasms is plentiful rest and use of warm compresses to the affected region. Applying ice packs is an effective way of back pain relief and in addition, it reduces the swelling and inflammation of the muscles. Additionally, there are particular over the counter medications that can help relieve the muscle spasms and subside the pain.
Should won’t find relief in spite of these methods of treatment, see a doctor, who may advice you to experience a few tests like back Xray, to diagnose the exact place of the harm. He may then prescribe some painkillers, muscle relaxants, steroid injections and Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) to ease out the pain. He may also imply a few lower back muscle spasm exercises to strengthen the muscles and restore their flexibility. Additionally, there are a few back exercises to stretch the muscles and provide relief. But these exercises must be done only under the supervision of an expert. Apart from these methods of treatment, you may also experience acupressure, aromatherapy and massage therapy to get relief from the pain related to muscle spasms in the back.