Muscle spasm is a term that is commonly used to describe involuntary muscle contraction. The affected group doesn’t relax back to its original contour and of muscles contracts. Excessive use or overstretching of muscles and muscle injury are some of the most common causes that result in uncontrolled contraction of muscles. Consequently, the energy deprived muscles contract forcefully, resulting in muscle spasms. Dehydration, spinal injury and medical issues like fibromyalgia can also activate repetitive uncontrolled motion of muscles.
That is the normal treatment as it pertains to treating discomfort linked with muscle spasms. These drugs relax the muscles that have developed abnormal contraction, as the name implies. It is a known fact that to start muscle moves, the brain has to send electric signals to the desired muscle group through the nerve. Muscle relaxants induce sedation as well as interfere with these electric signals to reduce involuntary muscle motion. That’s why muscle relaxants have already been tremendously effective in controlling pain and the stiffness related to uncontrolled muscle movement. These medicines are not available over the counter and a physician’s prescription is needed to buy them.
They are mentioned below:
- Diazepam (Benzodiazepines derivative) (Valium)
- Methocarbamol (Robaxin)
- Baclofen (Lioresal)
- Metaxalone (Skelaxin)
- Tizanidine (Zanaflex)
- Carisoprodol (Soma)
- Reserpine (Harmony)
- Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
- Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
- On the other hand, spinal injury that creates spasticity and following episodes of muscle spasm is treated with
- Dantrium, Baclofen, and Valium.
In case, patients do not find much relief from the use of muscle relaxants, taking NSAIDS (NonSteroidal Anti-inflammatory drugs) may help handle pain. So along with muscle relaxers, going for pain drugs (accessible over the counter) can be a good option to lessen muscle spasm suffering. The ones that are normally prescribed are given below.
- Ibuprofen (Motrin)
- Naproxen (Aleve)
Narcotic painkillers also come in the list of their use and muscle pain medicine comes into picture only when muscle relaxants and over the counter painkillers appear to be in powerful in relieving the suffering of patients. Painkillers that have narcotics are basically formulated to block the pain. Severe episodes of action that is spasmodic react quite well to narcotic drugs. Narcotics provide powerful pain relieving effects and can definitely be useful to relieve pain and prevent involuntary muscle movement. Some of the narcotic drugs for the treatment of muscle spasms get below:
Individuals afflicted by muscle spasms may also reap the benefits of the utilization of botox injections. This may sound odd because by reducing wrinkles and crow’s feet botox are commonly used to give a facelift. As aforementioned, muscles contract after they receive the nerve signal transmitted by the mind. As a consequence, the muscle doesn’t loosen and contract temporarily, which helps to reduce wrinkles. This same effect of botox is useful to loosen contracted muscles that are abnormal. Unlike oral medicines, botox alleviates muscle pain immediately.
These medicines are advised for short-term use only and should be taken in the appropriate dosage (as instructed by the physician) to prevent any major side effects. Side effects from muscle relaxants like nausea, heartburn, wheezing and dizziness are reported by many patients. Along with these medications, you might have the alternative of taking muscle relaxants that are natural to acquire some relief.