Back spasm is an extremely debilitating condition occurring when there’s a sudden involuntary contraction of back muscles. The origin of pain is the area around the spinal cord, and it largely affects the lower part of the back. The primary symptom is a severe kind of back pain which intensifies with any kind of movement of the back.
Usually, the pain starts while doing actions like pushing, pulling, lifting heavy weights, or twisting of the back, particularly during exercises. Within a short while of contraction of the muscles, blood causes inflammation in the area and starts racing towards the damaged muscles or tendons.
Spasm occurs when there is a strain or swelling in the back muscles. This can happen due to some poor back injury or excessive use of the muscles for a prolonged time. Any underlying diseases like arthritis, spondylolisthesis, spondylolysis, formation of a tumour near the spines can weaken the back. If the muscles around the back are poor and inflexible, then they may be prone to painful contraction. Hamstrings are the tendons that are not absent at the rear of the legs. Then it can lead to a back spasm if you have a muscle fatigue due to some reason. Weakness in the muscles of the stomach can also be responsible for causing this sort of painful muscular contraction.
The first thing that must be done when you get muscle spasm in the back would be to give entire rest to your own back. The spasm can adversely change. Therefore, you should lie down instantly on a solid surface and let your back muscles relax. When you’re lying flat, location two-three pillows under your knees for better relief. Set in rolled state under the neck to ease the pressure from it off.
For the first two days, a soothing effect will be given by application of ice to the injury site to the pain and limit the blood circulation to the affected spot. Consequently, the swelling can be restrained. Take the ice cubes wrap the ice packet and put it over the muscle pull for around twenty minutes. Reapply it again after half an hour or so. Continue this treatment for two days or the next one determined by the swelling and the pain.
Setting the lower legs on a chair and lying down on the ground is the best position, which helps take a lot of pressure off from the back area. While sleeping, keep the legs above a number of pillows, and keep your foot on a foot stool, while sitting.
With the aim of pain relief, anti-inflammatory medications and muscle relaxers are prescribed. If the pain is acute, then shots may be administered for back pain relief. There are over the counter medicinal lotions available, which when used, can provide relief from your pain that is back.
You might have to be cautious about your sleeping pose so that you can speed up the healing. The mattress on which you are sleeping should be firm, and also, never sleep with the face down position. Your doctor will recommend specific back and leg stretching exercises once the pain subsides. These exercises fortify them, will release the tension from your muscles that are back, and make them more flexible. As a consequence, there is certainly a minimal chance of the return of back spasm. Nevertheless, at any point in time, if you find the exercises are increasing the pain, then cease performing them instantly.